Malnutrition: Cause & Prevention

If there’s one typical health concern existing for years, affecting countless individuals of all ages – it’s malnutrition.

Malnutrition is a well-known condition that exists due to overconsumption or nutrient deficiency. The number one cause of this matter is food insecurity – a terminology used for a person who is deprived of access towards sufficient and affordable nutritious foods. Malnutrition takes place due to digestive problems as well. This is in relation to issues of nutrient absorption or malabsorption wherein the digestive system of the person refuses to absorb nutrients from their diets, such as minerals, proteins and carbohydrates. There is an underlying problem when it comes to malabsorption, like lactose intolerance and celiac disease.

Other common reasons of malnutrition are excessive alcohol consumption, poor mobility and lacking muscle strength due to inability to obtain foods and mental health disorder. Yes, mental illness, such as depression and anxiety are contributing factors of malnutrition. Statistics proved depression increases the risks of malnutrition by 4%.

There are actually two common types of malnutrition. First is the undernutrition. This is a result of not getting enough nutrients and proteins which can lead to wasting for low weight-for-height, stunting for height-for-age and underweight for weight-for-age individuals. People who are undernourished usually lack vitamins and minerals, like iron. The second type of malnutrition is overnutrition. This talks about consuming too much nutrients, calories or fat which can result in unwanted weight gain or obesity. Over nourished individuals often suffer from micronutrient deficiencies.

You can click over here now if you experience the following signs and symptoms. For undernutrition, the common signs are sudden weight loss, loss of muscle mass and fat and swollen stomach. Also, delayed wound healing, dry skin and hair, over-fatigue, irritability and depression. Kwashiorkor, a severe protein deficiency, is another signature effect of undernutrition. This leads to fluid retention and abdominal distension.

As for overnutrition, the main signs involve overweight and obesity. Obese people are poor in adequate intakes of certain minerals and vitamins.

Fortunately, there are different preventive measures and treatments for malnutrition cases. The most effective and widely-used treatment is providing enough iron and zinc level and other food supplements to those who are at risk from it. Healthcare specialists even suggest nutrition education to concerned patients as this helps educates them about malnutrition and its corresponding risks. Interventions may also involve in preventing malnutrition. This encourages children and adults about healthy diet and food choices and physical activities. A personal diet may be suggested that involves a variety of foods, containing carbs, fats, proteins, vitamins and minerals.

These are some of the highlights that can help address malnutrition. When you speak with a professional doctor, you can learn a lot more.